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by Vice Admiral W. USBORNE MOORE


Chapter VI

The Psychic Riddle---I hear some of the same voices as those described by Dr. Funk--- Electrical conditions in the United States and Canada in winter---The reason of the success of investigators around the Great Lakes---The Jonsons at Toledo---Opinions of a detective officer of known ability---The first sitting---Materialised hands---A Trumpet Seance---First materialised seance---A Spirit addresses me by my full name---Jonson sits outside the cabinet---Medium and Spirits in sight together---Cleopatra appears---John Nicholson---An abortive seance---Interesting communication by Greyfeather, a N. A. Indian---Second materialisation seance---forty forms appear---Identification---Idiosyncrasies of each Spirit Form---Sitting with Mrs. Jonson alone---Hypatia---Materialisation seance alone with both Jonsons---Iola fulfils a promise---Viola rises out of the floor---Kitty---Sitting with Mr. and Mrs Jonson in the cabinet---The illuminated robe---Kitty renounces her father---McBlin the engineer---The farewell seance---Abdullah---Tim O'Brien--- Dissuasion as to the possibility of fraud---Members of the Council of the English Society for Psychical Research find out that there are such phenomena as telekinesis and materialisation--- Mrs. Alexander---Etherialisations---Whitesnow---Differences in accent of American and English Spirits---A new psychic in Toledo, Miss Ada Besinnet---The whistling---Violent movements of the table---Professor Hyslop’s opinion---Mind-reading no explanation.

Readers of The Psychic Riddle, By Dr. I. K. Funk (1907), may be interested in knowing that, through the great kindness of friends in Rochester, N. Y., I was able to sit with the psychic mentioned in that book under the same conditions as those described by its author. Since my friend Dr. Funk had his sittings, this lady had been at death’s door. She was now in her seventyeighth year, so perhaps I may be correct in thinking that--as tests--my sittings were as useful as his, though the first was a failure and the other two were cut short by Dr. Hossack, the Mediums control, on account of the weakness of her heart.

Much discussion has arisen over this psychic. She is very deaf. How any sane person who has heard "Red Jacket" or the "Laughing Spirit" can imagine that the voices emanate from this frail old lady passes my comprehension. Red Jacket talks as loudly as, and more fluently than, John King, the principle control of Cecil Husk.

Before I attempt to describe the manifestations at Toledo, Ohio, I must remind my readers that the atmospheric conditions in the northern part of the United States are different from those in this country or any part of Europe. For about sixty days in a year, when the thermometer is down to about zero and the air is very clear, it is possible, anywhere between Rochester and Denver, by sliding along the carpet, to light a gas jet with a finger; I have not yet met an any American, man or woman, who has not done this or seen it done. In this region children play practical jokes on their parents by sliding up to them and kissing them on the cheek, when a spark passes, causing the sensation of a pinprick. We are ignorant of the causes of many phenomena, but we do know that the vibrations required to give the best results in psychical research are closely allied to those of the electrical group. It is to this highly charged condition of the atmosphere in winter that the success of investigators is chiefly due ; of this there is no doubt whatever. We must remember, too, that the original inhabitants of this vast territory were very near to Nature, and were pure Spiritualists ; the earth is strewn with their bones, and their Spirits hover about the land that was once their earthly home. We meet them at every seance, and it is reasonable to suppose that they exert some influence and assist the manifestations.

In a suburb of the city of Toledo, Ohio (632 Orchard street), there is a two-storied house owned by Mr. Ben Jonson, a painter and paperhanger. The seance room is a large apartment on the upper floor, and is approached by a narrow staircase from the back sitting-room on the ground floor. The cabinet is about seven yards from the top of the staircase, in one corner of the room. The top of the staircase has no door. I do not know the reason of this omission ; but I have been told by those who frequent Jonson’s seances that one of the band of Spirits who habitually frequent


the cabinet occasionally gathers sufficient power to glide down the stairs and bring up a lady’s muff or some other material article from the front sitting-room---a feat that could not be achieved in the form through a locked door. It is, however, practically impossible for confederates to come this way, for they would have to pass the sitters to enter the cabinet. As we shall see later on, confederates, and plenty of them, are the only explanation that the most rabid sceptic can put forward for what goes on in this room.

Mr. and Mrs. Jonson offer every facility for the sitters to search the seance room, the cabinet, and the rooms underneath. They are dependent upon each other for the necessary psychic power, and a successful materialisation seance cannot take place unless both husband and wife are in good health. Mrs. Jonson sits in the cabinet occasionally without her husband, for one or two visitors. During these seances Etherialisations often takes place, and voices are heard through a trumpet. Vibrations are maintained during the materialisation seances by a rather inferior musical-box of the disc type ; at Mrs. Jonson’s cabinet séances, by a small music-box of the barrel kind.

Mr. J. B. Jonson is a powerful-looking man of fifty-five years of age, five feet eleven inches in height, well educated, and of sober habits ; he has a hearty laugh and a genial manner. He wears boots at the seances, and sometimes a light coat or dressing-gown that enables him to be clearly seen ; this, however, if meant as a precaution, is unnecessary, as the amount of light is always sufficient to admit of his being visible to all the Circle during the first part of a seance when he sits outside the cabinet. His wife is a stout, comely woman, rather younger. She walks about the room, generally in a white blouse, and is always in view. The light is regulated from within the cabinet, and is sufficient to allow a person with average sight to read a watch with a white face ; at times it is possible for a sitter with keen sight to read large print.

Before undertaking the investigation of the Jonsons, I conferred with my friend Mr. Homer Taylor Yaryan, who was chief of the secret police under the Grant Government. Those who are old enough to remember the scandal of the whisky frauds, traced by the secret police up to the very gates of the White House, will not fail to recognise the ability which contrived to defeat a well planned robbery of Federal funds. Mr. Yaryan is a detective of great skill, and the last man in America to allow himself to be bamboozled. The Jonson’s have given seances in his house, one of which (I possess a copy of the record) was as successful as those I am about to describe. He has watched these Mediums carefully for years, and assured me they were genuine. After sitting with them several times, always in the afternoon, I am certain he is right.

The first seance I had with the Jonsons was on January 4,1909. There were three other sitters---a Mr. and Mrs. Z. and a relative of theirs---who kindly allowed me to join their Private Circle. Mr. Z. and I carefully examined the cabinet, and found nothing in it to arouse suspicion. The atmospheric conditions were bad ; it was raining. The light was regulated from the cabinet, and was sufficient for us to see one another’s features at a distance of six feet, and to read a watch with a white face. The lower part of the curtains of the cabinet were drawn back to the side, and a cloth was secured across the lower half of the cabinet. In front of this, on three chairs, sat, from left to right, Mr. Z., the relative (whom I will here call Mrs. M.), and Jonson, holding hands.

When they had settled themselves, a sheet was tied over them up to their necks, so that their faces only were in view. Opposite to the three persons thus sitting on chairs, outside the cabinet, and at a distance of three feet from them, were three chairs occupied by Mrs. Z., myself, and Mrs. Jonson. Thus, Mrs. Z. was sitting directly opposite to Mr. Z., I was sitting opposite to Mrs. M., and Mrs. Jonson was facing her husband.

First a pair of hands of delicate shape appeared over the heads of Mr. Z. and Mrs. M. ; then, at various times, single hands appeared, one small and delicate, the other larger, and no less delicate ; the latter had a ring on one of the fingers. A hand manifested twenty times or more, several times over Mr. Z., and at least four times stroking the right side of his face (that is, the furthest possible point from the medium whose right hand was held by Mrs. M.).

I rose from my chair, and took both Jonson’s hands in my right hand ; stretching out my left hand, I was touched by a visible spirit hand that showed over the head of Mrs. M., Two notes were thrown out of the cabinet, one from a Spirit Guide of Mrs. Z. and one from a Spirit Child of Mrs. M. The two hands appeared simultaneously four or five times. A graphophone, the mouth


of which showed beyond the right side of the cabinet, played several times ; the starting-lever could not have been reached by the disengaged hand of the Medium.

I threw my handkerchief into the cabinet, between Mr. Z. and Mrs. M. In a few seconds it was thrown out to me, with hard knots in three of the corners. This also happened to Mrs. Z. Mrs. Jonson was sitting by my side all the time, and had no part in the performance ; Jonson was in partial trance.

About an hour after we had sat down, this part of the seance came to an end ; the lights were lit, and the windows opened for ten minutes to let in some air to revive Jonson, who was somewhat distressed. We then formed a Circle in the middle of the room, with a trumpet in the centre. Jonson became fully controlled by "Greyfeather," an Indian, who spoke in a different voice from that of the Medium. Vibrations were maintained by a small musical-box under the control of Mrs. Jonson. During the sitting this box was carried round over the heads of all the sitters, playing meanwhile a definite tune. We sat now in darkness ; we did not touch hands.

Whispers were heard talking through the trumpet to the different sitters. One Spirit came to me, but I was not sure of the identity. After a conversation had been going on for a minute or a minute and a-half with a sitter, the trumpet would be dropped on the floor ; by the sound, I should judge it fell several times four or five feet. One spirit known as "Kitty" spoke in the direct voice, without the assistance of the trumpet.

The last manifestation was that of a spirit who had been in life a locomotive engineer, and who was drowned in Lake Superior. He spoke clearly through the trumpet, and announced his arrival and departure by making noises through it indicative of the first starting of an engine : Puff, puff---puff, puff, puff---and so on. When he left, the spirit imitated, not only the starting, but the sounds of an engine gathering speed and eventually disappearing in the distance. It was very effective.

Considering the atmospheric conditions, and that there was one perfect stranger in the Circle (myself), I thought the display of Spirit power on this evening was very successful. I will now proceed to describe other seances at which I attended when the Jonsons were the Mediums. They were all held in the room described above.

January 6,1909. Atmospheric conditions very good. The temperature of the air was about 10°, and it was dry and clear ; time, 2 to 4pm. The sitters were the same as on the previous occasion, with another relative of Mr. Z. added (whom I will here call Mrs. J.), making a Circle of three ladies and two men, all experienced investigators.

Mr. Z. and I examined the cabinet ; then we took our seats about four feet in front of it. The room was darkened for four or five minutes, during which time a Spirit Form within the cabinet called out : "How are you, Uncle Z., Ande Z., Ande M., Ande J., and uncle William Usborne Moore?"  (The mediums knew my name was Moore, and may possibly have known it was William ; but they certainly had no means of finding out my second Christian name. In the hotel book I had signed W. Moore. I may here remark that W. Moore is a very common name in the United States, something like John Smith in this country.)

Jonson sat in a chair, one foot outside and in front of the left end of the cabinet. He was immediately controlled by "Greyfeather," the Indian. There was a shade over the small oil-lamp behind us ; this was drawn up a little, and the sEance commenced, the light in the room being sufficient for anyone with good sight to read the time by a white faced watch.

(57) Within two minutes the figure of a woman, below medium height, dressed in a white robe with girdle round the waist, sprang up from the floor very close to the Medium, holding out her hands in my direction. I got up and went up close to the Medium. From the building and proportions I was able to guess who this was. She tried to speak, but all I could catch was "Al" or "All"; but, unfortunately (owing to our mutual anxiety, I presume), she dematerialised into the carpet before I could clearly distinguish the features. This same materialisation and dematerialization occurred a second time with no more success. After a third abortive attempt she did not dematerialise into the floor, but simply faded away.

Not long after this two strong forms emerged from the opening of the cabinet on my right. I was almost touching the entranced Medium with my left arm ; within two feet of me, on my right,


was a woman as tall as Jonson, wearing a white robe, a bright silver or steel band on her forehead, and what appeared to be bracelets and jewels on her arms. After a few words of conversation she let me understand that she was Cleopatra, once Queen of Egypt. Standing a little behind her was a smaller form who gave the name of Josephine. In appearance neither of these was human in complexion or lines, but swarthy and dimpling, Josephine’s face rather red ; the general effect was not unpleasing, though it never occurred to me that either face was mortal. I asked Josephine who was the Spirit that first appeared, and she corroborated my first impression. It was Iola.

Grayfeather suddenly exclaimed : "I like that squaw." I said : "How flattered Cleopatra would have been, in earth life, to hear that !

The Indian took this innocent remark in bad part, and called out angrily : "I say she nice squaw, I say it to her face, Grayfeather not got four tongues. No ! no !" Cleopatra then went up to Jonson and waved her arms over him, when peace was restored.

Once Grayfeather caused Jonson to stand up close alongside of two big Spirits. The three forms all close together, and in full sight of us all, were impressive. On another occasion Grayfeather (controlling Jonson) walked over to my chair, a distance of eight feet, and, put his Medium’s left hand into my two hands. He then proceeded to give me a little advice in a loud voice, being apparently under the impression that I had never attended a seance before. "When Spirit squaw come you no say, ‘Who are you?’ ‘What your name?’ You say, ‘How are you? Very glad to see you.’ Next time squaw come p'haps she give you her name." While he was thus talking the cabinet curtain opened, and a man went straight across to Mr. Z., who recognised him as his deceased brother and returned to the cabinet with him.

Including some repetitions, fifteen or sixteen materialised forms emerged from the cabinet and conversed with their friends while Jonson was out of it ; six or eight came after Grayfeather had taken him inside---all these in addition to the Familiar Spirits, the habitués of the cabinet. One of the visitors was a nun, who had a very spirituelle countenance and wore a bright silver cross about four inches long. She came specially for Mr. Z.: But, at the request of the latter lady, she walked well out into the light in order that I should be able to see her plainly. The effort was too much for her, and she doubled up, instead of gradually descending into the floor, which is the usual method of disappearance. Each member of the circle was visited by at least two friends who were recognised. Two or three men came to me whom I was not able to identify properly, one making semaphore signs with his arms.

One curious incident occurred while Jonson was still in view. Grayfeather shouted out, "Go away, go back in box" (cabinet).

Q: "What is the matter Grayfeather?"

Grayfeather : " me tell him, No ! Go back to box and come out there. He want to come into Medium and turn me out."

Q: "Who is it?"

Grayfeather : "He come for Mr. Moore. He say his name John Nic-hol-son." I know one John Nicholson living and one who passed over some years ago. The former is a busy professional man who, I am sure, was not asleep in England at 9pm.; the latter was a gentle, courteous, old canon of a cathedral in the West of England, and the last person in this world or the next to try and dispossess the Indian of the organism of Jonson. The only surmise I could make was that this was the intrepid leader of the attack on Delhi, whose memory I, in common with thousands of Englishmen, have held in veneration since the days of the Mutiny. Our knowledge of his character does not exclude the idea that, if he wanted to communicate with one of his countrymen, he would not hesitate to turn anyone out of a body that appeared to him to suit his purpose. He had very often, though not recently, been in my thoughts.

After Jonson had been in the cabinet half-an-hour Grayfeather brought him out, and squatted him on the carpet tailor-fashion. While he was sitting thus a phantom slowly arose behind him, but soon faded away before it could be recognised.


January 14,1909. With the Jonsons 2:30 to 4pm. This seance was a failure, but some interesting incidents occurred. Atmospheric conditions not of the best ; it was thawing. Mrs. Jonson not at all well, Jonson in good form.

About half-an-hour after the light was put out Jonson, who at first had been possessed by Grayfeather, came partly out of trance ; Grayfeather left, and an English bluejacket controlled the Medium. He used shocking language, I regret to say, and when asked to depart by Mrs. Jonson in a very civil way, refused, saying, "He had as much right to be there as we had." By-and-by, however, he was persuaded to get out of Jonson ; Grayfeather resumed control, and took the Medium inside the cabinet. From there he called to me, "the chief from across the big pond," to come and sit with him in the cabinet, saying : "I want to draw from him. I no draw from squaw Jonson, she is not well tonight." I accordingly took my chair inside, and the following dialogue took place :

(58) Grayfeather : "I see you yesterday in another wigwam. You not get much there." Admiral Moore : "Oh yes, we did, Grayfeather ! We had a good time ; and Viola, Kitty, and Tim came to speak to us from here."

Grayfeather : "Ugh ! Ugh ! I see you with two other chiefs."

Q: "Well who were they?"

A: "I think one was Hyslop. (Wrong.) I no want mention names. Chief Yaryan there. (Correct) You think I no see you. I see you in morning go into a wigwam---yes, big stone building---and get book, scratch paper."

Q: "Do you mean I wrote in a book?"

A: "Ugh ! No, you read book (Correct) Young Squaw come to you and ask for wampum (money). You say : ‘Wo ! Wo ! Wo ! ‘"

Admiral Moore : "That is a libel, Grayfeather. I made no difficult6y with the young woman."

Now, what happened was this. The previous morning I had occasion to go to the public library in Toledo to return a book, and at the same time borrowed another, from which I copied an extract (scratch paper). The clerk returned me two dollars paid as deposit the day before. The young woman said later, "I must ask you for twenty-five cents." "What for?" I enquired. Answer : "We always charge twenty-five cents in addition to the deposit, in case of the book sustaining any injury." I put down the "quarter" without demur ; but I felt mildly indignant, as I considered the two dollars deposit ought to cover all risks.

The seance with the other psychic the previous afternoon will be alluded to later in this chapter. Soon after the above conversation I was dismissed from the cabinet, and Grayfeather said "I came out." He tried sitting outside, with me beside him, but it was no good. He left Jonson with a violent jerk (always a bad sign), and the Medium came slowly to himself. Grayfeather remarked, before leaving Jonson : "I sick ; no power" (beating the Medium’s breast with heavy thumps) ; "no wampum for my Medium ; but no good talk any more, like a squaw." On my offering the usual fee, Jonson declined taking it saying, "We never accept anything when no forms appear."

The above incident is worthy of a few minutes’ consideration. Mr. Yaryan was with me on the previous day at the house of Mrs. Alexander, a new Medium ; but he had no intention of going ten minutes before we started. It was quite an afterthought ; he suddenly put off a business engagement to accompany me. He and I were unknown to the Medium we sat with, and that same Medium is unknown to Jonson. The name of my friend Dr. Hyslop had been mentioned before the Jonson seance commenced ; but, if Grayfeather knew anything at all about my thoughts of that gentleman, he would have known that, if no other investigator were available in the United States, I would not sit in his company at a seance (for reasons wholly impersonal). In all essentials the story of what happened in the public library is quite true ; not only did Grayfeather, apparently, see what took place, but could read my thoughts when the quarter-dollar was demanded. The following explanations may occur to those who read this :

(a)The medium of the previous afternoon and the clerk at the library told the Jonsons of the various incidents. (b) Jonson dogged me all day.


(c) Grayfeather read my sub-conscious mind. (d) My guide was with me throughout, and told Grayfeather the facts, as a test, no other phenomena being available. (e) Grayfeather followed me about, and was aware of every action and thought.

Replies : (a)This is so intrinsically improbable as to need no denial. (b) Had this been so surely I should have seen him in the room of the library ! In his normal state he could not read my thoughts. (c)If this were so, Grayfeather would have been more accurate in his statement about my companions. (d) I cannot be sure, but I think this is the most reasonable explanation. (e) Here, again is a striking improbability ; Grayfeather is well acquainted with the second gentleman, who did accompany me on the previous afternoon, and whom, in his talk, he misnamed Dr. Hyslop. The controls of Jonson’s cabinet do follow the sitters about the country and meet them at other seances, making themselves known by speech ; but we were not aware of Grayfeather’s presence at the other Medium’s house on the previous day. Had he been present, he would not have made the mistake in the names.

My guide, Iola, saw and heard everything at the seance of the previous afternoon ; she was much in evidence. She was most probably in the library with me in the morning, and, when she came to the Jonson’s, told Grayfeather all about it, to assist him to give a test, not having sufficient strength herself to use the direct voice. This particular materialisation seance at Jonson’s was a complete failure.

January 16,1909. With the Jonsons. 2:15 to 4:15pm. Circle composed of the same sitters as on the 14th. Atmospheric conditions not good ; it was snowing heavily most of the time, and there were six inches of snow on the pavements before we got to the house.

In some respects this seance was better than that of January 6, for more forms appeared ; but I did not like it so much, as the light allowed by the Spirits in the cabinet was much less (no doubt on account of the inferior conditions). About twenty-five separate personalities manifested ; counting the repetitions, there were over forty materialisation’s or Etherialisations. For my part, I only saw the faces of two clearly enough for recognition. These were Viola and Edna, the nun. Viola is a very lively girl of eighteen or nineteen, with long streaming hair ; she touched my hand with hers. Edna came out four or five times, and gave me opportunities to see her face, dress, and cross quite plainly ; Iola brought my father and mother. On one occasion I went to the entrance of the cabinet, and saw two forms together, which I soon discovered were my parents, and the small form of Iola behind them.

Cleopatra manifested. This afternoon she was about 5ft 9in in height, and not so big as on the first occasion. She clearly said that she was the Egyptian Queen, and was glad to come to me, and that she intended to accompany me "West." Around her forehead was the same silver band or crown, and she had the same majestic mein.

One word of explanation here. I consulted with my friends in this small private circle as to their interpretation of the term "identification." "Do you mean," I asked, "that you recognise your friends every time by their features?" The reply, in effect, was "No, we identify them by their general appearance ; we cannot always see the face distinctly enough to be able to say that it is our friend. We sometimes see the features, but not every time. Each spirit form has its own individual actions of arms and hands. Some put their hands above their heads ; some cross their arms ; others have a particular dress. Once assumed, those idiosyncrasies are exhibited on every occasion that they appear ; but the forms vary in height according to conditions." Mr. Yaryan, upon whose experience I place great value, though I never sat with him at the Jonsons, attached large importance to this. He said : "The forms that manifest to a sitter each have a particular gait and movement of the limbs. If the conditions are not good, you may not see features plainly enough to identify your friend by looking on his or her face ; but you know them by their distinctive movements, dress, and carriage. Is it conceivable that Jonson can produce enough


confederates to imitate these features at every seance? Hundreds of people sit with him in a year. Think what an organisation this would mean, even if he were cognisant of what is going on, which he is not ; he is in trance. Could he produce the appropriate dress or the appropriate action when neither he nor his wife know who are coming or where they may seat themselves? Putting on one side for the moment the precautions we take by searching the cabinet and the premises, how can we account for the unerring certainty with which the proper form, dress, and movements are manifested to each member of the Circle? To me, this is one of the chief proofs of the genuineness of the Jonsons. The expense, and the difficulty of finding the histrionic capacity in the neighbourhood, forbid such an explanation of the supernormal phenomena that take place at these seances. The expense alone would prohibit such an idea ; for it could be of no interest to the mediums if three-quarters of their takings were swallowed up in the payments of confederates and properties."

I am entirely in agreement with what Mr. Yaryan says. Such deception would not pay. If an average of the whole year is taken, the Jonsons cannot be making more than ten dollars a week ; a confederate would expect at least half a dollar for a séance, and the dresses could not be obtained for any trifling sum. I have, below, given reasons for my belief that there are no confederates. (59) But to return to this particular séance. Jonson was outside the cabinet for at least half the time that the materialisation’s appeared. The gait and movement of the arms of Cleopatra were the same as on the previous occasion. "Jeanie," a Scotch girl, came out on both occasions, dressed in plaid. One of the most interesting incidents in the seance was the re-appearance, after many months, of "Martha," an old maid of the Yaryans’, in proper servants dress, apron, bib, and so forth. Mrs. Yaryan had told me about her the day before ; the girl admitted that this was what enabled her to manifest. One of the prettiest sights was to see a little Indian girl called "Oviola," below medium height, skip out into the Circle. Of course, I did not know her or Martha ; but they were both clearly recognised by the other members of the Circle. During this seance I saw several forms dematerialise, two or three outside the cabinet : one male form did it deliberately, to show me how it was accomplished, and Cleopatra dematerialised from feet upwards.

The next morning, Sunday, January 17, I went to Chicago, and returned to Toledo on January 24. On Monday January 25,1909. I sat with Mrs. Jonson alone in the cabinet, 2 to 2:45pm.. She was not well, having been up all night nursing a grandson who was dangerously ill. (60) There was one attempt at etherialisation by my father. Viola came first to talk to "Uncle Moore." All the Spirits used the trumpet, except "Crotcho" (or Crooked Stick), an Indian girl, who spoke through Mrs. Jonson. My Father and Mother spoke, and Iola. My Father said : "W., don’t worry about that question of identity. Proofs will come when you are least thinking of them." (This was an allusion to my attempting to identify Iola, at the Bangs sisters’, a few days before, by a series of twenty-three written questions, only some of which were answered. I was not thinking of this at the time.) Iola Said : "We shall get on better now that you have lost your doubts." (After seeing a certain picture precipitated at the Bangs. I had given up all doubt as to her identity.) When I asked Iola if my picture had started from Chicago, she said : "It is all right ; when you get it you will be pleased. I have prepared a surprise for you." (It had been settled at Chicago that one of my pictures should be sent to me at Toledo. It arrived on the Wednesday, January 27. When I examined it, I found an inscription in one corner. There was no writing on it when I left Chicago. This is a remarkable incident. Remember, I only left Chicago on Sunday, the day previous to the sitting with Mrs. Jonson.) Iola, who spoke without trumpet, also said : "Next Seance I will come first, when the power is strongest."

It was during this cabinet sitting that Hypatia first manifested to me. She had come to my friend Mr. H. C. Hodges, at Detroit, several times, and given her history, every detail of which was found to be correct. I presume that our conversation about her a fortnight before was the means of her making herself known to me.

Crotcho controlled Mrs. Jonson at the end of the sitting, and spoke for quite five minutes through her mouth. Edna the nun, spoke to me in the direct voice without using the trumpet. Viola, when she came a second time, said : Iola says that when the picture comes to you, watch the eye;


it will follow you about." (This is curious. It does happen in one full-face picture precipitated in the presence of the Bangs Sisters ; both eyes follow the observer all over the room. But the picture then expected to arrive at Toledo was a profile, and nothing of the sort takes place.) Mrs. Jonson held my hands most of the time (obviously to show she was not touching the trumpet), and sometimes put my hand to her mouth while spirits were talking (to show she had no part in the production of the voices).

(61) The next time I visited the Jonsons was on January 29, 1:50 to 3:10pm. when I had a materialisation seance with them alone. It was an interesting experiment, and I was much surprised that it was so successful. Jonson passed into the trance state in about ten minutes. In less than five minutes later Iola rose slowly out of the floor in front of me, outside the cabinet, and passed in between the curtains, thus keeping her promise of January 25. I went to the opening with Mrs. Jonson, who invariably accompanies a sitter (to lend additional power to the manifestations), and asked the spirit, "Did you make that inscription on the picture?" A whisper came, "With the help of others." My guide then sank into the floor.

Viola appeared three times. She came close up to me, four feet outside the cabinet, twice, and I was able to see her fairly well, better than I did Iola. Towards the end of the seance, while Mrs. Jonson was trying to discover the name of a man who had appeared at the opening of the cabinet, Viola sprang out of the floor four feet behind her, and, gliding up to her silently, passed between her and the curtain into the cabinet.

Then came an etherialisation of a man in silver robes. (The room was darkened for this, the cover of the lamp being drawn down from within the cabinet, and the curtains drawn back.) Grayfeather, who had not previously not spoken much, said that this spirit had met me before on the other side of the "great pond." And that his name was Abdullah. I presume that this was the Abdullah of Craddock’s band. He salaamed several times, but did not speak.

The next materialisation was that of Cleopatra, who emerged from the cabinet with her accustomed crown and gestures, but only 5 ft. 3 in. or 5 ft. 4. In height. (I account for this by want of power, owing to my being the only sitter.) She said she would guard her picture (see Chapter VII.), and reappeared twice.

Cleopatra was followed by Hypatia, who came three times. She gave her name, and walked (or glided) up and down the room two feet outside the cabinet. Her face was that of a handsome woman, with much hair, and the movements of the figure were graceful. She could not talk much. I said: If I go to Chicago again, will you help to precipitate your portrait?" The answer was, "With great pleasure." There was nothing in the face (nor that of Cloepatra) that suggested a mortal being. I do not know why, but Mrs. Jonson was delighted at the appearance of Hypatia. Hypatia brought an old friend of mine on her third appearance. I thought I knew who it was by his general appearance (possibly telepathy was at work), and asked, "Are you an English naval officer?" The head was bowed, and he twice put his hand to his forehead, indicating the disease from which he passed out. (This brother officer died insane some six years before.) I asked, "Are you happy?" The head was bowed vehemently. Both figures were clearly seen together.

My father and mother materialised. In these there was no possibility of error. My father had a nose like the Iron Duke, and I saw him in good light three feet outside the cabinet ; his prominent feature was clearly distinguishable. Three men came out whom I did not know ; one was said to be Mr. Marshall Fields, A wealthy merchant of Chicago ; but, as I never knew him, nor heard of him before this evening, I cannot answer for his identity.

The poor little waif, "Kitty," who died some years ago in New York of cold and starvation, and who is often heard, but seldom seen, at Jonson’s séances, manifested on this occasion. She was more substantial-looking than any other figure, and came out twice to me where I sat in my chair, four feet from the cabinet. Once she went round behind Mrs. Jonson, who was sitting on my right, and stood behind the chairs, patting me on the hand several times. This girl had been known to Jonson’s sitters for some six years ; she always appears in the same dress and the same size, and invariably manifests the same characteristics. Flashlight photographs have been taken of her. I have one in my possession taken three years before, and I can affirm that it is the


same child I saw on this evening. So natural and human is this picture that I must confess I thought, when first it was lent to me in England, it was a fraud. Having seen the materialised form, I no longer have any doubt as to its genuineness. Kitty must now be, speaking in earthly terms, twenty or twenty-one years of age ; but she appears as a little girl of, say, thirteen, with short frock, stockings down at heel, and no shoes. Is it possible that she is allowed to manifest constantly at the age at which she died to prove the fidelity of these Mediums?

Grayfeather took the Medium into the cabinet after Cleopatra had shown herself. While I was talking to Iola, Jonson stood up. I touched him with my left arm while I was facing the Spirit. The light was sufficient to read a white-faced watch, except during the appearance of Abdulle. The weather conditions were bad. Snow was falling, and melted as it fell ; it was damp and miserable. I was much impressed with the evidence of spirit power shown on this afternoon. The atmospheric conditions were detestable ; there was only one sitter ; only three human beings in the room ; and yet evidence was produced of such a kind that its genuineness was indisputable. It corroborated the evidence of the first materialisation seance, when there were five sitters, and it was not far inferior to that sitting in richness of phenomena.

(62) On January 30,1909, 2 to 3pm., I sat with Mrs. Jonson in the cabinet. Jonson asked me if he might also sit. He has never seen one of his wife’s séances, and would like to do so ; but if I had the slightest objection to investigating under such conditions he would rather not be there. I assented willingly. Directly we sat down he was entranced by Grayfeather, and remained in trance all the sitting, so the object of his coming was frustrated ; but his presence probably gave additional strength to the manifestations.

Viola came first, and talked without the aid of the trumpet. After this a brilliantly illuminated robe or shawl rose slowly from the floor. Grayfeather made Jonson put both his hands into mine while this manifestation was in progress ; Mrs. Jonson also joined her hands with ours. It was evident that neither Jonson nor his wife had anything to do with it. The robe, or shawl, was covered with flowers worked into it---roses, lilies, and I think lotuses and narcissi. It was over two feet from me, and I was unable to make out the design accurately. After remaining suspended in the air a minute or two it descended into the floor. I do not know what was the significance of this phenomenon. Tim, one of the habitues of the cabinet, who came to speak later, said he thought it was an effort on the part of Cleopatra to show part of a dress she had worn in earth-life.

Iola came strong, using the trumpet. We had a chat about the pictures precipitated at the Bangs Sisters, Chicago (see Chapter VII.). She said the head is represented in the pictures as it is now, but the dress is only to assist in identification. Before leaving she told me "we shall get on much better now your doubt is gone."

Both Iola and Cleopatra assured me two or three times that the pictures would be all right. It seemed to me extremely improbable that they would arrive at their destination in England unhurt. As a matter of fact, however, they did ; the frames of two were damaged and three glasses were broken, but not one of the six pictures sustained the smallest injury. During this sitting Iola assured me that she had put an inscription on one of the pictures then on its way to England. This also was true, as I found when I arrived at Southsea two months later. There was not a sign of writing on this portrait when I left it at Chicago.

Cleopatra spoke with the assistance of the trumpet, and Hypatia without it. The latter asked me to tell Mr. Hodges that I had seen her materialise. Viola came a second time, and said : "There were two people here trying to speak at the same time. I told them it was rude." Kitty spoke strongly and plainly. I said : "How do you like it over there Kitty?"

A: "I am as happy as the day is long."

Q: "Do you go to school?"

A: "Yes."

Q: "Who is your teacher?"

A: "Her name is Angelina. She is very, very pretty. We learn all that is learnt here and a lot besides."

Q: "Have you your father and mother with you?"


A: "I live with my mother. I don’t want my father ; I don’t know if he is over this side. He was bad to mother. When she was doing the washing he come home and take it away from her and he go and get drunk."

Mrs. Jonson : "Now, Kitty, you must try and forget all that and reach out and help your father."

A: "Well I know nothing about my father, and don’t want to see him."

Kitty then went on talking like Viola, without the assistance of the trumpet, in the most natural way for some minutes ; when she used a slang expression Mrs. Jonson pulled her up. Once she quite aptly used the word "exclusive," for which she was duly praised. She said : "Uncle Moore, my age when I came here was thirteen fifty (thirteen and a half) : I am now over twenty ; and do you know when I come here I feel just as I was, thirteen fifty? Can you explain that. Admiral Moore : "No, I cannot, Kitty ; but why don’t you pull your stockings up?"

A: "Because I ain’t got no garters."

Q: "Don’t you wear shoes?"

A: "No, I don’t want to wear shoes ; but I must go now, as others want to come."

My mother spoke a little, and then came McBlin, the engineer, who announced himself by the snorts of the locomotive, admirably done through the trumpet. As soon as the engine had, so to speak, arrived, he said he was glad to see me, that he was an engineer who was drowned in Lake Superior some years ago.

Q: "What are you doing now?"

A: "Oh ! We have shops over there ; I am doing much the same sort of work."

Q: "But what shall I do when my time comes to pass over? I am a sailor. You have got no sea."

A: "Have you ever been over here?" I answered "No."

McBlin : "Well how do you know? I tell you, there is a replica (sic) of everything on earth." After a few more words, the engine started again, "Puff, puff……puff, puff, puff !" The snorts became fainter and fainter, conveying an excellent idea of increasing distance, and he was gone.

Before she finally left, Viola said : "Uncle Moore, when you come back on Monday you see I startle Ande Z." I said : "You must not do anything to frighten her."

A: "No I won’t hurt her ; but I make her jump." (I hope Mrs. Z. will forgive me for not telling her of this amiable project, but the temptation was too great to see what was going to happen.)

The musical-box was suspended in the air, and moved round over our heads playing a tune.

The Farewell Seance Monday, February 1, 1909. 2:40 to 4:20pm. Atmospheric conditions good. It was freezing ; dry, frozen underfoot. Sky very black to the west-ward, where it was probably snowing, but no snow at Toledo.

(63) The light was regulated as before by drawing up and down the shutter of the lamp in a corner of the room by strings which led into the cabinet. Jonson sat outside till after four materialised forms had appeared, when Grayfeather took him inside. It was given out in the course of the afternoon that this was my "Good-bye," and that the band were making exertions for me. The Circle was composed of the same kind friends as attended my first materialisation seance with the Jonsons.

Nineteen separate Spirits manifested. Some of them reappeared twice or three times, one four times. I estimated that over forty forms actually appeared during the seance. Including the repetitions, ten were for me. Iola came first. I saw her profile plainly ; the right eye was closed. She talked a little in whispers, saying she was "going with me." It was a good representation, the face a good likeness, and the height and dimensions of the figure were correct. She stopped at the


entrance of the cabinet rather too long, and dematerialised in an unnatural manner. During this seance I saw several Spirits dematerialise ; some descended in to the floor slowly and, so to speak, naturally ; it was possible to follow their heads with the eye until the shoulders were level with the carpet. Others doubled up before they dissipated, and a few fell over on one side.

My father and mother came together, the former wearing spectacles. Behind them I could detect a third form, of the right height and size of Iola ; but, as she was in the shadow of the cabinet, I was not able, on this second appearance to see the features. Hypatia and Cleopatra both materialised, and Edna the nun came four times.

Viola carried out her threat of Saturday. She was the seventh form that appeared. I heard an exclamation of surprise on my left from Mrs. Z., and there was the spirit, with the long hair, standing in front of her. She had sprung up from the floor outside the cabinet. One old relative appeared to me, whom I recognised. I kissed her, as I would when she was in earth life, and she returned it ; but the effect was too much for her, and she fell over on her side and vanished. Abdullah came as an etherialisation, just as he did on a previous occasion when I sat alone. One Spirit materialised who was familiar to the other members of the Circle, but not to me. This was "the chemist doctor." Mr. Z. and I interviewed him at the entrance of the cabinet. He told me he had done his best to assist Iola to come in good form. I assured him she had come better this evening than on any previous occasion.

There were two failures in materialisation. The figure of a woman tried to build up outside the cabinet, but collapsed before it was completed ; and there was one brilliant etherialisation outside that fell and dissipated after rising two feet.

The habitue, "Tim" O’Brien, talked for some minutes. He repeated what many other spirits have said to me at various times, that it is not possible to tell us much of the other side, or of the motives which govern the actions of Spirits. I have been repeatedly assured that it is of great benefit to people in the next state to communicate with mortals ; everyone who has investigated must have noticed that they seem positively grateful for the opportunity. I asked Tim : "How can it do any good to Spirits to come to us?"

A: "It does. Every good action benefits a Spirit."

Q: "But take the case of Hypatia, for instance. She has been in Spirit Life for fifteen hundred years, and is in a high sphere. How can it possibly do her any good to return and visit me?"

A: "It does. You can hardly understand all these things until you come over."

As the seance closed Grayfeather was quite pathetic : "I want to speak to big chief who go back across the big pond. I hope he soon come back, and may all good Spirits go with him "; and more of the same sort.

It is hardly necessary for me to say that the Jonsons have been accused of fraud, like all other professional psychics, good, bad, and indifferent. I have never heard of any instance where a definite charge has been brought against them and proved. All I know of are the usual slanders by other competing mediums, by well-intentioned friends of the sitters, and writings private and public, by authors of the arm-chair type. These latter are quite safe ; they know they will not be prosecuted for libel, as both in America and England no psychic would be able, in the hostile influences of court, to prove that he possessed the power that constituted the whole question under consideration. His gift, such as it is, is only exhibited under favourable conditions. Any cowardly ink-slinger can assail any Medium with impunity.

As Jonson sits outside his cabinet for a part of every seance, and his wife scarcely ever goes near him, the only question that can be raised by the most rabid sceptic is that of several confederates at each seance. I consider that this may be ignored, for the following reasons :

(a) They could not enter from below or from outside the house without observation, nor could they come by the staircase without passing the members of the Circle ; in cases when the sitters were over nine in number, they would have to go through the Circle.

(b) With the exception of Kitty, who appeared to me to be almost as solid as life, and has manifested nearly the same size for seven years, not one of the materialisation’s at Jonson’s séances looked mortal. The faces were not unpleasing ; but the features, expression, and color were


distinctly "uncanny." Nor were the forms, in my judgment, substantial. I came away with the fixed impression that there was, in these forms, a foundation of attenuated matter, and that any part could be caused by the Spirit to solidify, on the instant, such as face or hands ; but that, if I had suddenly put out my hand, it would have gone through almost any form that came to me without my being sensible of an obstacle. In one case, as I have related, I touched a face ; the temperature was normal and the cheek as soft as velvet.

During the time I was sitting with the Jonsons I met at my hotel one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society for Psychical Research, who informed me that two members of the Council had actually become convinced, through the mediumship of Eusapia Palladino, that the phenomena of telekinesis and materialisation were true ! I hope I received this solemn announcement with the respect and gravity so momentous a statement demanded.

On the morning of January 13, during my first visit to Toledo, my friend Mr. Z. made an appointment with a Mrs. Alexander, 719 Superior Street, Toledo, for two people (himself and another) to visit her at 3 p.m. He did not give his own name, nor mine. At 2:30 he kindly called for me in his brougham. Mr. Yaryan was with me when he arrived. Between us we persuaded Mr. Yaryan to put off an engagement and accompany us to this new Medium. We got to the house at 2:45, and sat from 3 to 5pm.

(64) It must be clearly understood that Mrs. Alexander had never set eyes on two of us, and only once, for a few moments, had she seen Mr. Z. She was ignorant of our names. Great was our astonishment, therefore, when Viola and Kitty etherialised and said in a low voice, "Uncle Yaryan." Tim also came from Jonson’s cabinet, and spoke through the trumpet. The seance was held in pitch darkness, and we were led to expect etherialisations.

Including re-appearances of the same persons, there were about twenty-five forms seen. The cabinet consisted of a small chamber, which opened into the room where we sat. The psychic sat outside---i.e., in our room. What the use of this cabinet was I could not discover ; perhaps, being a smaller room, it was easier to conserve the power.

About fifteen minutes after we sat down in our easy chairs faintly illuminated forms began to appear. They were, as a rule, phantasmal and unsatisfactory ; but they spoke through the trumpet, and occasionally without it. The interest of this sitting lay in one or two incidents illustrative of the difficulty of establishing identity when the sitter and Spirit are both very eager to communicate, and the supernormal knowledge displayed through a medium to whom her visitors were complete strangers.

I have already alluded to the visits of certain habitues of Jonson’s cabinet, Who greeted Mr. Yaryan by his name (an unusual one, we must admit). A woman with a baby in her arms came to Mr. Yaryan. The latter put his hand upon what seemed to him the head of the infant. He could not, at first, recall any friend or acquaintance who had died in child-birth, or under circumstances which demanded a knowledge conveying an association of a mother and her newly-born child. Later, however, he remembered a lady who died, just before her confinement, of disease in the stomach, and whom it was the privilege of Mrs. Yaryan to help materially in some neighborly way. A man also came to him. He had a strong feeling of intuition as to the identity, but demanded his name. No answer. Again the question was asked, "What is your name?" The phantom gasped out, "Can’t give it now." Our attention was then diverted by other phantasms, and the anxiety for the name was in abeyance. Nearly half an hour elapsed, when suddenly there was a hoarse shout from the ceiling of the room, "I’m Lee." This was the name of Mr. Yaryan’s deceased brother, whose form he thought he had seen. The Medium also gave a description of the Spirit, which tallied with his appearance in earth-life.

I have not been able to account, normally, for this incident. It was impossible that Mrs. Alexander could have known Mr. Yaryan or his brother. The anxiety of the brothers to communicate caused a positive condition at first, and prevented the spirit from answering the question. When Mr. Yaryan became passive, merely attending to other sitters’ concerns, his brother gathered sufficient power to pronounce his own Christian name. Throughout this volume other instances of this paralysis on the part of the Spirits are recorded, from the same cause. So often has it happened in my investigations in England and America that I now accept the following as a law:


Identity is never revealed at a time when both sitter and Spirit are eager to communicate. One, at any rate, must be in a passive condition.

During this seance Iola and my mother made themselves known ; they came together once, and separately several times, communicating by whispers. Iola brought some narcissi ; the pungent perfume was distinctly smelt in the room.

Towards the end of the seance Mrs. Alexander’s familiar spirit, "Whitesnow," took control. I shall not easily forget the inimitable chuckle of this little Indian maiden. One of the last things she said was, "I hope I am not going to make this house hot for my Medium."

Q: "What do you mean, Whitesnow?"

A: "Well, I guess you make houses hot ; but we no want you heat this house." I can only presume that this was an allusion to one of the many inventions of Mr. Yaryan, who has been the means of heating some twenty-five cities in the United States by the central system.

Both the American Gentlemen remarked with emphasis upon the decided difference of accent in the utterances of the American and English Spirits. I have noticed elsewhere this curious fact ; it is good evidence of the genuineness of the proceedings. I do not pause to inquire which is the purer English---that spoken in Ohio and Michigan, or that spoken in the south of England. Sufficient for me that it is widely different ; for the purpose I had in view it was highly significant and useful.

A New Psychic in Toledo, Ohio In Toledo, Ohio, there is a psychic, a young lady at the time of my visit nineteen years of age, in whose presence remarkable manifestations occur. Her name is Miss Ada Besinnet, and she is the adopted daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Murray Moore, then living at 2617 Glenwood Avenue. So far she had only sat in private for her friends, and was in no sense a professional Medium.

Investigators may be roughly divided into two classes : first, those who believe a psychic to be guilty of conscious or unconscious fraud, until they prove her to be innocent ; second, those who believe her to be innocent, until they detect her in fraud. Supposing other things to be equal--- observation, acuteness, and so forth---it is the latter class that will arrive earlier at the truth ; for their mental attitude greatly assists the phenomena. When I reflect how ignorant the wisest are, how limited are our senses ; how, to begin with, we do not know the significance of more than one eighth of the sun’s rays, I cannot understand the point of view of the former class. Miss Besinnet is just one of those psychics who will bring the two classes into fierce conflict. It is to be hoped that through her mediumship many outstanding problems will be solved.

I had the good fortune to sit with her twice ; the first time by the kind invitation of Mr. and Mrs. Yaryan in their house, in company with seven of their relatives and friends ; the second time in her own home, when the only other sitter was Mrs Murray Moore. On both occasions the atmospheric conditions were fairly good.

(65) First sitting, January 5,1909---8:10 to 11:50pm. We sat in the dark round an oblong oak table that weighs from one hundred and fifty to one hundred and sixty pounds. Directly the light was put out the psychic went into trance. The phenomena consisted of singing and whistling in accompaniment to a graphophone ; playing of tambourine, triangle, and bells in accompaniment to a graphophone; voices through trumpet, touchings of hands and heads of sitters, violent movements of the table, lashing the Medium, and Spirit Lights.

I sat on the Medium’s right, and my left hand was either lashed to hers or resting upon it the whole evening. Placed upon the table, before the séance began, were a long, soft piece of rope, a tambourine, a tube or trumpet, a bell and triangle. The manifestations lagged at first, and it took us the best part of an hour to find out that the control ("Dan") was dissatisfied with the arrangements. Finally, we discovered, through Mrs. Moore, that he wanted the graphophone brought close up to the table, which would effectively separate her from the psychic. This was done ; other small changes among the Circle took place, and the real business of the evening commenced about 9 o’clock.


Songs were given through the graphophone, and voices from above joined in the singing ; then whistling of the most striking character. It appeared to come from a distance of some feet above the table, and, though I was on the alert, it did not once occur to me that the sounds issued from the mouth of my neighbor, or near it. Her hand was motionless, and occasionally her head fell upon the table, and remained there for many minutes. The whistler never stopped to take breath, but went on for long periods without a pause, pouring forth the most melodious notes with a power which, I am of opinion, no mortal can possess. Between times a tambourine was played, and the bell and triangle accompanied the music. By-and by I found my left wrist being lashed to the right wrist of the psychic ; a few minutes elapsed, and we were told by Mrs. Moore (who is impressed what action to take) that the red lamp behind me might be lit. On this being done, we found Miss, Ada lashed to the back and sides of her chair, her left wrist lashed to her waist, a handkerchief bound tightly over her mouth, and her right wrist bound to my left. On the light being extinguished, singing and whistling recommenced accompanying the graphophone. After each song the psychic was impelled to raise my left hand and place it on the bandage over her mouth ; then on to the hand lashed to her waist, apparently to prove that she could not have participated in any phase of the previous manifestation.

About three-quarters of an hour elapsed when I felt that the lashing round my wrist was being untied ; I estimate that the psychic and I were freed in about ten minutes. Red light was again allowed for the members of the Circle to inspect, and assure themselves that the rope had been removed. When the light was extinguished, songs, with their Spirit accompaniment, recommenced, also the tambourine. I seized the latter with my disengaged right hand, and held on to it with all the strength I could muster ; it was wrenched away with a sudden twist. I then took my left hand off the psychic’s right, and tried to hold on to the tambourine with both hands, but without success. In both cases my antagonist pulled from my left and upwards. It was then, and is now, my conviction that the fragile girl sitting next to me at an oblong table could not exert the force of a strong man from such a direction.

There were also, during the latter part of this seance, some violent movements of the table sideways and upwards. One end, four feet from the psychic, twice rose several inches from the floor. The heads and hands of the sitters at different parts of the table were touched, and voices whispered through the tube. A firm, masculine hand was placed on my left hand several times during the evening, pressing it down on the right hand of the psychic. For some considerable time little lights issued from the body of Miss Besinnet and, in a lesser degree, from me, dying away between six inches and a foot from where they originated ; the psychic’s head was also partially illuminated. At 11:50 the séance was brought to a close by the general desire of the Circle ; if we had waited for the controls to close it, my impression is they would have gone on for another hour or more. The young lady came out of trance, naturally, in about five minutes, and appeared none the worse for the strain to which her organism had been subjected during the evening.

(66) The second occasion I had the good fortune to sit with Miss Besinnet was, by invitation, at Mrs. Murray Moore’s house on January 29, 1909, from 8:30 to 2:20pm. The persons in the room were Mrs. Moore, Miss Besinnet, and myself. In the middle of the room there was a round oak table, weighing quite a hundredweight, and a graphophone in one corner. The usual formalities were gone through of examining windows and doors and pasting paper over the latter. On this paper I signed my name, and noticed that Professor Hyslop’s signature was on a similar strip just above ; he had been sitting a few days before. The instant I put the lights out the table moved swiftly towards the graphophone, a distance of five or six feet, and it opened in the middle (where a leaf would go) one foot. We moved our chairs along with it. The graphophone was between Mrs. Moore and the psychic. I sat on Miss Ada’s right with my left hand on her right. This time there was no delay in the proceedings. The graphophone was started and Spirit voices accompanied the songs as before ; the whistling began almost immediately, and to one song there was a tambourine accompaniment. As before the magnificent whistling was repeated several times, and on this evening,at one time, there were two Spirits whistling at the same moment. The


quality of the Spirit-singing was superior to that on the previous occasion. One song alone was repeated with the spirit accompaniment five times for my edification.

There were some little clouds about the room, of the consistency of cigar smoke, but no etherialisations. Tongues of Spirit-light issued from the body of the psychic ; they were about one-third of an inch broad at one end, and tapered away for a length of about one and a-half inches, to nothing. I was touched on the head and hand several times.

Writing in fire was attempted, but it was not so successful as usual. This curious phase is one I had never heard of before. Names are traced in the air in front of the sitter in letters of bright light; the effect is not permanent, and the beginning of a letter disappears before the end is completed. It is a phenomenon which has to be followed with very strict attention.

After we had been sitting two hours the violent physical phenomena commenced. The table was twice lifted completely off the floor and swayed backwards and forwards in the air three or four inches above the carpet. Finally, Mrs. Moore was brought by a hand three-quarters of the distance round the table, and stood with her left hand in my right hand while the table was opened and shut twice, discs were changed in the graphophone, and the instrument started and stopped by some unknown agency.

Just as the psychic was coming out of trance, Sankey’s refrain, "It is well with my soul," was being sung for the second or third time that evening. This brought in an unhappy, sobbing Spirit, and the machine had to be stopped by Mrs. Moore, as she said these mournful Spirits affected her charge injuriously.

I have enjoyed opportunities of discussing with Professor Hyslop the phenomena that occur while Miss. Besinnet is in trance ; he had sat with her, and I am glad to say we agreed on two points:

(a) That he and Mrs. Murray Moore are beyond suspicion as to the honesty of the proceedings ; (b) that this young lady will be the means of solving some interesting problems and throwing new light on happenings which some investigators have hitherto considered are due to conscious fraud. Here, however, we part company. It is no doubt true that the muscles of the psychic’s throat have been found to act in unison with the mysterious singing and whistling ; it has also been shown (by a flash-light photograph that was once taken with Mrs. Moore’s permission) that her disengaged hand has been detected holding a tambourine in the air ; but the Professor assumes from this (he has said it on the platform and to me) that, while in trance, she does the singing and whistling, and that she is the prime cause of every phenomenon, either with or without the aid of extraneous intelligence’s. To this I give a positive denial. The sympathetic action of the muscles of a Medium when physical phenomena are in progress is a known fact. It was affirmed by Italian Scientists not long ago in the case of Eusapia ; but I assert that Miss. Besinnet, with her own physical organs, could not execute the singing or whistling without her neighbour knowing it ; could not drag a heavy table five feet ; could not levitate that table, or open and shut it, without mundane assistance ; could not talk to her neighbour through a tube without his knowing she was doing it ; could not cause lights to issue from her neighbour, nor could she wrest a tambourine out of his hands.

It is no secret that, up to this time, Professor Hyslop has not seen nor heard any reliable evidence that leads him to believe there is any such phenomenon as "materialisation." With such an equipment, how can he give an opinion on physical phenomena?

I consider that what I heard when sitting with Miss Ada was due to extraneous intelligence’s. That such were present and active I have abundant evidence for myself. During this interesting sitting of January 29 I received a message from my guide which referred, with startling appropriateness, to a subject that has been in my mind for two days. It was conveyed in a remarkably delicate and tactful manner through the instrumentality of Mrs. Murray Moore, who is a sensitive ; but I make bold to say that that lady does not know what is the significance attached to it. A fortnight later I was sitting with Mrs. Georgia at Rochester, N. Y., when the same spirit unexpectedly manifested through her automatic mirror script, and referred in a neat and unmistakable manner to this séance at Toledo in such a way as to exclude from consideration the overworked theory of "Mind-reading." The two ladies at Toledo and Mrs. Georgia know nothing of one another. It is unfortunate that the best evidence for Spiritualism is of so private a character that it cannot be published for fear of wounding the susceptibilities of living people. When I have


said all that it is possible to say I shall not have given my most cogent reasons for the belief that is in me.

In Miss Ada Besinnet we have a medium of the highest promise. I hope her friends will not allow her to sit with anyone who has not educated himself up to the point of conviction on the subject of telekinesis and materialisation ; for, if they do, I am afraid she will be misunderstood.


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